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Wolborough Fen

Wet and wild in miniature

A brief walk from Newton Abbot town centre takes you to Wolborough Fen, a special urban oasis for wildlife nestled among the parkland and informal green space of Decoy Country Park.

 

A circular path leads around a wet woodland of willow, birch, oak and ash, edged with thicker cover or bramble and bracken. Amongst the trees and scrub, look out for over 30 species of bird, foraging for insects and seeds.

 

The centrepiece however is a unique wet fen area, sustained by an unusual raised dome of peat, gradually built up over 2600 years, and a range of ditches, pools, springs and streams. Together these support a rare grouping of several different wetland habitats and plants over a small area. For these reasons the site was designated a SSSI in 1990.

 


 

See saw

The peat cap is nearly 3m thick in depth, storing and conveying fresh groundwater flow as it wells up and seeps from springs, giving rise to the mix of wetland conditions. This water source is crucial to the fen.

 

Fen is sensitive to trampling, so there is no open access to the middle of the reserve, but from the path can be seen water mint and the pinky sprays of hemp agrimony; some 176 plant species have been recorded here. Common reed and greater tussock sedge, and stands of rare saw sedge, at its only site in Devon, sway above a rich variety of ferns, sedges, liverworts and patchworks of acid bog Sphagnum mosses. On the freer draining higher slopes can be found a further rare plant community of tussocky purple moor-grass with aromatic bog myrtle.

 

Damp and diverse, rich and rotten

Another important habitat at the site is wet decaying wood, providing for rare fungi, hoverflies and craneflies. Frogs, toads and newts thrive in these conditions, where they can overwinter, while a visit between May-September might give glimpses of red-eyed damselfly flitting over the open water. The reserve is home to 25 butterfly species and over 80 species of moth.

 

Return visits through the seasons will reveal more of the reserve's secretive inhabitants. Wolborough Fen offers something wildly different, tucked away only a short distance from town.

Species and habitats

Habitats
Wetland, Woodland
Species
Chiffchaff, Common Lizard

Nearby nature reserves

Teigngrace Meadow
4 miles - Devon Wildlife Trust
Bovey Heathfield
5 miles - Devon Wildlife Trust
Chudleigh Knighton Heath
5 miles - Devon Wildlife Trust

Nature reserve map

Reserve information

Location
Newton Abbot, within Decoy Country Park
Newton Abbot
Devon
Map reference
SX 864 700
Great for...
birdwatching
getting away from it all
lichens and mosses
Best time to visit
Jan - Dec
Get directions
Find out here
Public transport
Plan your journey
Opening Times
Open at all times
Facilities
Toilets
Size
7.70 hectares
Status
Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
Access
No access permitted to the fen part of the reserve but there are surrounding footpaths. Open access to the rest of the reserve. Walk around the edge of this reserves using the paths of the Decoy Country Park. Contact the Trust for disabled access information
Walking information
Walk around the edge of this reserves using the paths of the Decoy Country Park
Parking
Car park adjacent to Decoy Lake at SX 866 704
Dogs
No dogs allowed
Grazing animals
no
Reserve manager
Devon Wildlife Trust
Tel: 01392 279244
contactus@devonwildlifetrust.org